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    FIGHTING CRIME: How Guns Can Be Linked To A Crime Scene & How Finger Printing Guns Is Done

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    President Yoweri Museveni during his address on the state of security in the country yesterday at parliament laid down 10 measures  goverment is going to undertake to fight insecurity in the country.

    The first measure was to finger-print all legally held guns. The president said, “All legally held guns will be finger-printed. When this happens, once a cartridge is fired, we shall be able to tell which gun discharged the bullet. If any legally-held gun is used in crime, we shall trace it, this includes guns in private hands but licensed by the police.” Below are some of the ways guns can be linked to a crime scene and what the president meant by finger printing guns:

    Guns and bullets are used in the most serious crimes, and they also happen to leave the most damning evidence.

    While it’s often obvious when initially walking into a crime scene whether a gun was used – even if the victim survived and is being treated by paramedics – a full examination of the scene is always required to look at all factors that impacted the event. When a gun is involved, however, crime scene investigators will look for specific clues such as bullet casings, bullet holes, spatter patterns, and perhaps even a dropped weapon – either at the scene or nearby, such as in a body of water or a dumpster.

    After the scene is photographed, diagrammed and all evidence referenced, the shell casings, bullet fragments, weapons and other evidence can be gathered, preserved and catalogued for further study back at the lab. Bullets suspected to be drilled into soft plaster or furniture will not be pried out. The area around and containing the bullet will be cut out so that the bullet can be removed carefully at the lab, and thereby preserve the channel that the bullet made.

    1. Striations on a fired bullet

    Once a bullet is recovered, either from an impact point in a soft wall or pulled out of flesh by a medical examiner or a physician, that bullet will become a primary piece of evidence. Every gun barrel is rifled during manufacture, or finished inside the barrel with rotating grooves to impart spin to a bullet in order to improve accuracy during flight. The resulting spiralling grooves and lands (the flat parts between the grooves) leave mirrored markings on the bullet itself.

    If you are able to fire another bullet from the same gun, an investigator can match the grooves under a special microscope which displays both bullets side by side, comparing the strata. Since there are several processes involved in rifling a barrel, each barrel is unique. Just like fingerprints, a bullet can be paired to a weapon with nearly perfect accuracy.

    Further, even without a weapon, the striations can identify a type and model of firearm, so detectives will know what to look for.

    2. Gunpowder residue leaves expected patterns

    When a gun is fired, the bullet is not the only thing that comes out of the barrel. Burning powder particles also expectorate and will create a pattern on the object closest to the barrel. This pattern varies by how far the weapon is from the target. By knowing the patterns of a particular firearm, a consensus can be reached about how close or how far away the gun was. If there are no powder marks on the hand holding the gun or the forehead around the bullet hole, it is unlikely that the victim shot himself, so suicide can be ruled out no matter how convincing the pose looks to the untrained eye.

    3. Trajectory, ricochet and bullet holes

    Sticks carefully inserted in bullet holes can indicate direction of the bullet, and, if many holes are found in a scene, these sticks can help triangulate: where the shooter was standing; how tall he (or she) might have been; and many more details. Bullets that ricochet will collect trace evidence from where they bounce, and add further detail for the investigator.

    4. Hidden fingerprints

    A gunman will finger bullets as he loads them into a cylinder or magazine, and leave tiny quantities of salty sweat with each touch. When a bullet is fired away from its casing, tremendous heat is instantly transferred to that metal, vaporising the moisture and setting the salts from those prints. The salts become molten and a chemical reaction with the metal etches the fingerprints permanently into the casing.

    5. Firing pin impressions

    Firing pins leave individual marks on the primer (the explosive cap that ignites the gunpowder when struck by the pin on the tip of the hammer) at the very bottom of each bullet. The alignment, size of impression, and age of the firearm also contribute to individualised marks as the hard metal (the pin) make impressions on the soft metal (the primer).

    6. Bullet damage to tissue

    Wounds can provide an incredible amount of information about sequence of hits, distance, velocity, bullet type, caliber, and more – whether a bullet fragment is recovered or not. Bevelling around an entrance wound holds clues, fracture lines in dense bone such as skulls can identify distance, velocity and direction of fire. Grazing bullets leave skin tags – little flags of ragged skin that are pulled up and torn as a projectile passes by at high speed. All of these indications help validate the opinions of a medical examiner.

     

    Additional information from: forensicoutreach.com

     

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    CRIME

    Buganda Kingdom Clan Heads Council Speaker Mutumba In Trouble Over Accusations Of Shielding Kingdom Officials Cited In Planned Assassination Of Their Colleague Lwomwa…

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    Kabaka Mutebi with Omutaka Mutumba (R). On the left is the late Bbosa Lwomwa

    Omutaka Ssalongo Augustine Kizito Mutumba the head of Kkobe clan who also doubles as the Speaker of Buganda Kingdom clan heads council is in huge trouble over the accusation of shielding Kingdom officials cited in the gruesome assassination of Ndiga (sheep) clan head Eng. Daniel Bbosa Lwomwa.

    Highly placed sources in the clan heads Council have told theGrapevine that a section of clan heads have already placed Mutumba on notice and threatened to file a complaint with Brig. Gen. Christopher Ddamulira Sserunjogi’s Commandant of Police’s Directorate of Crime Intelligence and Maj. Dr. Tom Magambo’s Commandant of Police’s Criminal Investigation Department (CID) who are leading the investigations concerning Bossa’s assassination accusing him of obstructing justice.

    One of the clan heads said that they passed a resolution in their meeting directing their council executive chaired by Mutumba to write to Ronald Muwenda Mutebi the Kabaka of Buganda asking for an emergency meeting with them to privately discuss the matters concerning Bossa’s assassination so that he can guide them on the way forward but he intentionally refused to execute the directive.

    This clan head explained that they wanted to meet Kabaka Mutebi to reveal to him their fears which if not handled carefully could lead to their death since a number of people who they are complaining against are untouchables in Buganda Kingdom administration.

    “We gave him together with his executive committee two weeks to write to Kabaka and he was supposed to brief us on the developments during last month’s meeting but when we tried to remind him, he just told us to be patient. He explained that our issue is being handled properly and asked us to first welcome Omuttaka Eria Lwasi Buzaabo the new Ndiga clan head to the council which we did. Since then, he has not responded to us whether via our WhatsApp group or in any other form,” a clan head said.

    He added that they wanted to report to Kabaka Mutebi how Mengo administration under the leadership of Premier Charles Peter Mayiga are using Kingdom cultural court (Kkooti ya kisekwa) to harass and torment them.

    He added that there is a lot of corruption in Kisekwa kkooti. He narrated how members sitting on it use their clerks like a one Milly Naluwenda to intimidate them and solicit for bribe from them as a condition to help them win cases slapped on them on grounds that they are not legally the heads their clans.

    Naluwenda is among the five suspects were who joined Noah Derrick Lugya who is suspected to have pulled the trigger during the killing of Lwomwa.  They were charged and remanded to Luzira prison.

    The suspected master planner of the entire assassination Tabula Bossa Lugya is on run and is expected to be hiding in the think forests on lake Victoria shores in Kalangala island. Police has already placed a Shs20m bounty on his head as a reward to any person who will help them to arrest him so that he is charged in courts of law.

    As the fight to arrest Tabula continues, clan heads led by those who are battling with cases before Kisekwa kkooti include: Ffumbe clan head, Nsenene clan, Ngabi clan, Nkima clan, Enyonyi Nakisinge, Mamba and others. The clan heads also want to get an explanation from Kabaka himself why the appeals made before him as the Supreme court when it comes to cultural issues in Buganda are delaying.

    He added that chances were there to meet Kabaka before he traveled abroad in March because he spent a lot of time in his Mengo palace meeting a number of people.

    However, when contacted, Mutumba denied having any knowledge concerning the said resolution to write a letter to Kabaka.

    He explained that the matter they wanted to drag him into is criminal in nature and is still under investigation.

    “All of us were hurt by our colleague’s assassination but we should not use his death to solve our problems and grievances. Let them show you the minutes which we based on to pass such a resolution,” Mutumba said.

    He asked his colleagues to be patient, noting that the Kabaka will meet them at the right time.

    He added that they cannot force the king to meet them because he knows whatever is going on in their council given that minutes and resolutions for every meeting are always given to him.

    It should be noted that Mayiga reported to Kabaka’s subject that their King is out of the country. He traveled to Europe to see his medical doctors.

    Sources divulged that the Kabaka is expected into the country in May and it is the reason why he is not going to attend his birthday party on 15th of May 2024. Kabaka also missed his 69th birthday run last week and was represented by his sister Agnes Nabaloga Lubuga.

    Since 2019, Kabaka Mutebi has been receiving treatment abroad and highly placed sources claim that he is suffering from cancer even though Mayiga informed his subject that he is suffering from Allergy.

     

    By Hadijjah Namagembe

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    Equity Bank Shs6.5bn Fraud Case Deepens As More Suspects Are Charged, Remanded To Prison…

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    Equity Bank fraud suspects Mukwaya, Mugumya and Kato appearing in court

    Three more suspects from Equity bank multimillion fraud case have been arraigned before the Magistrates Court of the Anti-corruption Division on charges of Conspiracy to defraud and remanded to Luzira prison.

    The accused persons are; Godfrey Mukwaya and Robert Mugumya, all former employees of Airtel Uganda and Fred Kato a former head of Small and Medium Enterprises at Equity Bank.

    Prosecution alleges that Mukwaya, a former sales manager at Airtel Uganda used different people to open up bank accounts through which the bank was defrauded of more than Shs10bn.

    State further alleges that Mugumya is linked to 179 fictitious companies that were created to defraud Equity bank and he used different persons to obtain more than Shs35 billion.

    The presiding Magistrate Abert Asiimwe did not allow the accused persons to plead to the charges reasoning that they are joined on the case file involving money laundering which is triable by the High Court.

    “While this court has powers to handle the case of conspiracy, this one is emanating from money laundering. I advise that you will plead to the charges in the High Court which has powers to entertain all the cases,” Asiimwe said.

    The three suspects charged brings the charged number to eight.

    On March 20, 2024, five people among them employees of Equity Bank were charged over accusations of money laundering in regard to disbursement of Shs62bn of unsecured loans to unqualified persons.

    The first suspects were arraigned before the Anti-corruption Magistrates Court on charges of obtaining credit by false pretense, money laundering and conspiracy to defraud.

    The remanded suspects are; the head of Agency Banking at Equity Bank Julius Musiime, Erina Nabisubi a relationship manager for telecom, Fred Semwogerere (Banker), Tumuhimbise Crescent Tibarwesereka (relationship officer) and Wycliff Asiimwe a distribution and marketing consultant with a microfinance facility.

    State alleges that between the 2021 and 2024 at Equity Bank in Kampala City, Nabisubi being a person employed as a relationship manager in charge of Telecom incurred a debt of Shs6.55bn from Equity bank falsely representing that the loans were being applied for by Najjemba Gladys who she fronted as having fulfilled the bank requirements to access the loans whereas not.

    State added that Nabisubi also incurred a debt of Shs300m from Equity Bank falsely representing that the loans were being applied for by Nagawa Latiffa who she fronted as having fulfilled the bank requirements to access the loans whereas not.

    It is alleged that between 2021 and 2024 at Equity Bank headquarters situated at Church House in Kampala, Nabisubi intentionally impeded the establishment of the true ownership of Shs6.5bn which she fraudulently obtained from Equity Bank as loan through account number 1032100370335 in the name of Najjemba Gladys purporting that the said funds were applied for by Najjemba Gladys as a loan whereas not knowing that the said funds were a proceed of crime.

    State further alleges that Musiime intentionally concealed the true ownership of Shs18 million which he received as gratification from Mutuuza Stella for having fraudulently processed a loan of Shs700m from Equity Bank by requiring her to deposit the said gratification on account number 1013101211316 in the name of Gilbert Rwaiheru Kiiza knowing that the said deposits were a proceed of crime.

    According to the charge sheet, in the year 2021 and 2024 at different places in Kampala and Wakiso districts; Musiime, Nabisubi, Ssemwogerere, Tumuhimbise , Asiimwe, Kato, Mugumya and Mukwaya conspired together to defraud Equity Bank of Shs62bn by fraudulently causing the disbursement of unsecured loans to unqualified people.

     

    By Grapevine Reporter

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    CRIME

    Prisoner Escape Scare Forces Dr. Byabashaija To Deploy PSSU Commandos At Jinja Prison…

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    The inmates who tried to escape from Jinja Court. On the right is prisons boss Dr. Johnson Byabashaija

    Uganda Prisons Services under the Command of Prisons Commissioner General Dr. Johnson Byabashaija has deployed Prisons deadly Prison’s Special Service Unit (PSSU) to take charge of inmates at Jinja government prison.

    The deadly PSSU soldiers are currently in charge of the prison’s tower where sharp shooters are stationed 24 hours to supervise the entire movements of inmates and are allowed to shoot and kill any inmates who try to escape from prison.

    PSSU Commandos are also responsible for escorting prisoners from both Jinja Main prison where deadly criminals like terrorists, murderers, armed robberies are detained from and those of Jinja Remmand where inmates with minor offences are detained from.

    Highly placed sources in prison service told theGrapevine that PSSU are highly trained commandos compared to SFC Commandos who protect President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, his family members and other State privileged installations.

    He added that the PSSU Commandos are the ones in control of Luzira Upper prison security, especially the tower and that of Murchison bay.

    The development to deploy PSSU at Jinja prisons comes months after inmates tried to escape from a prison officer who escorted them to Jinja court.

    Abel Muwanika Abel alias Abusale (27) was shot several times while escaping, he was rushed to hospital where he died from.

    Ashiraf Senora alias Vampire (25) who was with him when trying to escape survived with bullet injuries and was slapped with other criminal charges related to escaping from prison.

    Both were facing charges of aggravated robbery and prisons spokesperson Afande Frank Baine praised the prison’s officers for preventing the escape.

     

    By Sengooba Alirabaki

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