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LETTER: I Can’t Live Comfortably In The Neighborhood Of Poor People When They Can Do Something About It – Museveni

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The president of Uganda H.E Yoweri Kaguta Museveni has sent a strong warning signal to his National Resistance Movement (NRM) party members not to think that they are only children in the home. Mr. Museveni who doubles as the NRM chairman said through his website this morning that he can’t bear neighboring a poor person yet he can do some thing about it and also clarified about the confusion surrounding youthful programmes.

“Fellow Countrymen and Countrywomen, especially the NRM leaders.
I am writing to clarify the confusion surrounding the Youth Programmes that I started putting in place in the Kampala area and also in the Rukungiri area and some other places.

Especially some of the NRM supporters, they misunderstood this effort. They thought that I was rewarding the Opposition areas instead of giving support to the strong Movement areas. Then, I understand that some of the Movement leaders wonder why I do not pass those programmes through them instead of my State House Comptroller, Nakyobe, inviting them last minute to just be among the guests.

By 1966, end of year, I had just turned 22 years of age, the previous September. We had just finished our A-level examinations at the beginning of December. In those days, the university courses would start in July. We would, therefore, have a whole half-a year in which we could be employed as Licensed Teachers (LTs) on account of the shortage of teachers of those days.

Even after O-level, I had taught for 2 months at Bweranyangyi Senior Secondary School that had started that very year.

Together with my comrade, Mwesigwa Black, we decided to use the remaining part of the month of December, 1966, to start addressing one of the big problems of our country that is still with us today. This is the phenomenon of the unequal development of society by default. In Ankole, by that time, you already had the phenomenon of a few colonial and post-colonial chiefs, politicians and a few business people engaging in commercial agriculture (e.g. dairy farming, ranching, coffee growing, tea growing, banana growing on a commercial scale, etc.), while the rest of the population continued with subsistence farming (just growing food for eating and no cash-generating activities) and yet land for agriculture was plenty, at that time. In the case of Ankole, there was, in addition, at that time, the problem of nomadism ─ the Banyankore cattle keepers thought that the traditional way of moving from place to place was the right way ─ no schooling for the children, etc.

What was the result of all this? Poverty by default ─ people were poor when they should not have been poor. They had food but had no money. Why was this? It was simply on account of attitude. The elite in Ankole looked down on the uneducated masses and they thought they had no capacity to go into commercial agriculture. It was only the elite (the nnasomako) that could engage in commercial agriculture (e.g. dairy farming with exotic cattle).

The people were also resigned to their fate. They would say that those new ways of money-making were for the educated and not for them.

We were, however, convinced that through sensitization, even without formal education, the villagers could go commercial in agriculture (dairy farming, coffee-growing, etc).

I do not have space here to go into the ways we used to enter the psychology of those people in order to change their attitudes. I, however, captured all that effort in a Booklet entitled: “From Obwiiriza (Grass Thatch) to Amatafaari (Permanent Buildings)”.In otherwords, the story of how those people moved from moneylessness to wealth at the homestead level.

Although our work was interfered with by the onset of the Idi Amin era, by 1995, the pilot effort (the example) of how you can change the attitude of the people around you to undergo social-economic metamorphosis (change) had started to succeed. Today you have 6,000 dairy farmers in the Kiruhuura area producing 800,000 litres of milk per day and you have 4,949 coffee farmers in the Kashoongyi area alone. These people have monthly incomes, they have built permanent houses with solar-power in their houses, water-harvesting, cars and they are sponsoring, privately, students in the universities.

Once my experiment had succeeded in the Kiruhuura area, I did two things. First of all, in 1995, I travelled throughout the whole of Uganda talking about “Boona baggaggawale” (prosperity for all), “Kulembeka” (trapping water from the roof), “Olubiimbi” (Katara) and “Ekibaro” (proper homestead economics so as to get more income than one’s expenditure). I was telling everybody that through commercial agriculture, many of the rural families can get out of poverty. The NRM had brought peace and economic opportunities but each individual had to kulembeka (jolo pii, aiga akipi, etc ─ trap water) income into his own house.

Secondly, right from 1996, we introduced a Wealth Creation Fund known as “Entandikwa” (Start-up capital). This money was not for roads, water, education, etc. It was aimed at being an interest-free finance capital scheme to help families in poverty to get out of that trap. We have given that fund different designations (names); but the essence is the same. Take this interest-free, low-interest or, sometimes, grant money or materials and get yourself out of poverty by going commercial. That is all we have been telling the people. These funds have been designated as: “PMA”, “Entandikwa”, “NAADS”, “Microfinance”, “OWC”, “Women Fund”, Youth Fund”, “NUSAF”, “PRDP”, etc., etc. This is all government money put aside to help those who want to get out of poverty without borrowing from the Banks. This money is channeled through the Local Governments. In the budget of 2018/2019, a total of Ug. Shs. 1.119 trillion has been put aside for OWC, Youth Fund, Women Fund, Micro-finance, NUSAF, PRDP, Luwero Triangle Fund, UCDA, KCCA, etc. The problem, however, is that many of the concerned people seem not to appreciate the value of this money in terms of redeeming their people from poverty. Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) has caused some impact.

That is why both maize and coffee reached record levels. However, much more could have been achieved.

When programmes stagnate in spite of so much money being spent, the freedom-fighter and mutembuuzi (pioneer) Museveni comes in and says: “Let me show these people how it should be correctly done as I did in Kiruhuura since 1966”. That is how I started some model parishes: Ruharo in Bushenyi and Kawumu in Luwero. In Kawumu, I have both a model parish and a four acres model garden of the President. I also have a model farm and I am developing a model parish in Kityerera, Mayuge. In Kisozi, I have a model zone, covering 9 villages with a total of 1,700 homesteads. In the Kabarole area, I, long ago, launched the model parish of Rwengaaju with 2,500 homesteads. Recently, I launched model farms in Arua and Barlegi in Otuke, Lango. How and why do I choose areas for my direct interventions? The main reason I had to directly come in was on account of people, especially the leaders, taking too long to grasp the ideas of how one can change the uneducated (abataasoma) or those who studied a little (abaasomakoakatono), into money earners for their families.

I decided to do it again in a few selected areas as a demonstration to prove the viability of the concept so that the others, then, have something to, again, learn from. The Kiruhuura model has spread to much of the cattle corridor: Lyantonde, Isingiro, Mbarara, Ssembabule, Goomba, Kyenkwaanzi, Kiboga, Nakaseke, Masindi, etc. Ibaanda is exemplary in coffee. Bundibugyo is exemplary in cocoa, coffee and Palm oil. Kalangala is exemplary in Palm oil. Other areas are, however, still asleep (kulambaala). Hence, my renewed direct involvement.

How do I choose areas to intervene in directly? Mainly, two criteria: proximity to where I happen to reside for a length of time for some reason and some historical reasons. I started with Kiruhuura in 1966 because I happened to be living there by that time. I did not start from Ntungamo where I was born because, by that time, I was no longer residing there. Operationally, it was easier to tackle, first, your neighbours. There is also a moral question. Your chances of going to heaven may be compromised if you have beneficial knowledge but you do not pass it on to your neighbours.

As a matter of faith, I cannot live comfortably in the neighbourhood of poor people without doing something about them. That brings me to Kampala. I have lived on this earth for 74 years now. Thirty two (32) of those have been in the Kampala-Entebbe area. I, therefore, drive daily passed the furniture makers of Najjanankumbi, the food-sellers of Zana, the food-sellers of Bwebajja, etc. Once in a while, I go to Munyonyo and see the furniture makers of Nsambya or I go to Kawempe and see the furniture makers of Kubiri, Bwaise, etc. Daily, I see the metal fabricators of Katwe on my way to Entebbe. It is, therefore, a matter of religious faith that when I have some time, I stop and ask these people what they do. Only to find that they could do much better if they had the common user facilities of their own instead of renting from the few “bagagga” who cheat them. Therefore, my NRM colleagues, please, understand that I help the Kampala groups under the same logic I started with the Kiruhuura residents because they were my neighbours. If you do not start with the neighbour, whom will you help? Some of the areas like Kawumu, Kityerera and Barlegi, I focus on them for historical reasons. We had a guerrilla camp in Kityerera in 1972/73, Kawumu was our base in 1982 and Barlegi was our base in the fight against Kony.

I helped the groups of Najjera because I came to know them by chance. I happened to stop to use my caravan. When I came out of the caravan, I saw a group of 30 youths that were engaged in metal fabrication. After interacting with them, I could see that they could be greatly helped by having their own common-user machines ─metal-cutters, metal-benders, etc. Therefore, whatever group I deal with directly, there is a rational reason. The main reason, however, is to demonstrate that things can be done, that poverty can be defeated; that jobs can be created; that imported products (shoes, furniture, etc.), can be made here by our people.

Once the example is given, then the next question will be: “Where will the groups get the money from to copy the example?” The answer is that the money going through Ministries and the Local Government each year is about Uganda shillings 1.119 trillions. This is Shs. 1,119 billions (Obuwumbi Lukumi mu kikumi mu kumi na mwenda).

The money I have used with Madam Nakyobe for my demonstration projects in the last two years, including skilling the girl child, is only 15 billion shillings.

Besides, once the examples I have shown are appreciated, all the leaders (Minsters, MPs, local government, religious leaders, cultural leaders, professionals) ought to develop consensus so that our budget of Shs. 32,000 billion is spent more on infrastructure, service delivery, wealth creation and job-creation rather than spending it on consumption, travels, salaries, new districts, etc. Use my successful examples to get rid of poverty and create jobs. Do not seek to paralyze me by saying that I should also not make initiatives. The complaint that I care more about opposition than NRM, is not correct. There is no Opposition in Kiruhuura, Kisozi, Kawumu, or Kityerera. If the Opposition people in Kampala benefit in Kampala, it is because I am handling neighbours. Therefore, the complaint of the “akaana akalizi kalya emboli enene” (the child who makes alot of noise-crying ─ eats biggest potato) does not apply in my examples (projects). In fact, in many cases, Opposition areas, other than the big national projects, that cannot be missed, may miss out because their ego-centric leaders do not come to the fora where planning is done. I have planned for the tarmacking of Rwenkunyu-Masindi Port-Apac-Lira-Acholibur road.

Since Maruzi County is, however, in the habit of electing Opposition people, we may not know what the women groups may need beyond the wealth creation programmes. Moreover, the opposition people are also Ugandans. They are also entitled to support from the government of the country. That is perfectly in order. What would not be in order would be for the Opposition to be the only ones that benefit. However, for them to also benefit is in order, especially if the ones who benefit most are the NRM supporters. It is also erroneous to say that Kampala is just opposition. I got 240,000 votes from Kampala. Besigye got slightly more votes possibly because of cheating and they are accused of doing so in Jinja East, Bugiri, Arua, Rukungiri and even Sheema Municipality (although we did not go to court for this one). These votes are more than the votes I got from many individual districts.

Conclusion, much more money is channeled throughthe Ministries and Local Governments than the little fund I have been using. If my small projects are effective, then we may have to re-channel the big monies through the State House Comptroller. Once the President is involved in programmes concerning money, then it must be the State House Comptroller to handle the money. It is government money.

It must be handled by a civil servant. It is wrong for the political people to be involved in Finance or Administration. Ours is policy, plans and supervision. Finance and administration is for the civil servants. Nyineeka taza mukiyungu ─ the head of the home never goes into the kitchen. It is now 45 years with Maama Janet, I have never stepped in the kitchen. That is how it should be.

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Stop Debating MP’s OTT, Concentrate On Where The Money To Finance Next Year’s Budget Is Going To Come From – MP Nambooze

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Mukono Municipality legislator Betty Nambooze Bakireke has cautioned Ugandans to stop concentrating on small diversionary matters like MP’s OTT and instead focus on where the money to finance next year’s financial budget is going to come from.

Below is Nambooze’s Facebook post:

When MPs were given iPads, I felt that it wasn’t necessary and hence I don’t use one. The ongoing OTT hullabaloo has nothing to do with Nambooze. I have my own gadgets and I service them…I can’t use Parliamentary iPads that are on one central server and I believe in teaching myself to live- off free things.

But still I am surprised at the way Ugandans behave….as a Country we pick on small matters sentionalise them, become cynical and get diverted from the most important things! And we opposition Politicians are not innocent at all we are guilty of ridding on excitement created by the media and doing so little in guiding public debate.

Now,apart from diverting society what is in 36000/- to a member of Parliament AND what is in 110 million to Uganda? What if every MP pays his/her OTT or what if Parliament picks the bill.I mean what is big about this matter whichever way it goes? Suppose Parliament drops this expenditure as they are likely to do,will that turn the next budget into a prudent and fair economic plan?

The important matter remains leveling a tax on social media use;it’s unfair and a primitive tax. At the moment government would be telling us how much they collected from OTT in it’s first year and how the funds from this new tax we’re utilised.

Two, the 2019/2020 bugdet is being projected at 34,trillions.Ugandans would be interesting themselves in knowing where this money is to come from.

The Health budget is reducing from Shs2.3 trillion to Shs2.2 trillion.

Education is equally in facing a cut from Shs2.7 trillion from shs2.6 trillion.

Ministry of Works has increased its claim from Shs4.7 trillion to Shs5.3 trillion, maintaining their lead in allocations.

Treasury operations, which deals with domestic debt refinancing, still takes a total of Shs9.5 trillion, which must worry everybody.

There is need to drastically restructure government agencies to curb sagging expenditure and relocate funds to sectors that benefit our people. In 2017, government announced merger of its agencies to improve efficiency and end duplication of roles; why isn’t this being inplemented?

On Security, which is classified expenditure, the budget is giving them Shs1.9 trillion while Agriculture is getting only Shs919.8 billion. Uganda is not at war,why put more money in security than Agriculture?

Shouldn’t the debate be about these important matters instead of the diversionary MP’s OTT?

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Kittata Is A Bigger Threat To M7’s Seat Than Bobi Wine – Former State House Spy Reveals

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Former State House chief spy Charles Rwomushana has revealed how incarcerated boda boda 2010 boss Abdullah Kittata is a more deadly threat to president Yoweri Museveni’s chair than Kyadondo East Member of Parliament (MP) Robert Kyagulanyi alias Bobi Wine. 

The former Makerere university Guild President said that it was an intentional and well planned move by president Museveni to prosecute Kittata in the military army instead of trying him in the civilian’s courts even if he is a civilian.

“You people must understand that it is president Museveni who decides on who to charge in the court martial and before charging anyone he must be aware of the verdict. Don’t you ask yourself why Kyagulanyi was not charged in the military court even though they first showed us that he was found with guns? Where are the guns now? It was the president who ordered Kyagulanyi to be first tried in the court martial, however, after making some calculations, Museveni decided to discharge Kyagulanyi from the court martial to civilian court because he was not deadly,” Rwomushana said.

Rwomushana revealed that Museveni is very calculative because he understands that he cannot manipulate the civilian courts like he does in the military court. He said that they convicted Kittata as a way of punishing him over his involvement in some secret plans with embattled former Inspector General of Police (IGP) General Kale Kayihura against Museveni’s chair. He explained that Museveni was very aware of the atrocities committed while Kayihura was manning police but he left him until he started conniving with other people to threaten his chair.

Rwomushana swore that the Museveni he knows cannot forgive Kittata, and his friends and relatives must expect more deadly things including more charges against the former boda boda patron. Rwomushana was appearing on BBS TV’s ‘amaaso ku ggwanga’ program.

Kittata was convicted on charges of unlawful possession of firearms and ammunition including a golden pistol, he was sentenced to eight years in prison together with his body guard Sowari Ngobi.

By Jamil Lutakome

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If You Want To Hold A Public Meeting Liaise With The Police: M7 Warns Trouble Causers Blames Police For Breaking Bobi Wine’s Car Glass Window

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Article on Legitimate public assemblies
Dear Ugandans and, especially the Bazukulu.

Greetings. I am sure many of you had a happy Easter, except for some incidents of crime like the killing of Doctor Catherine Agaba and some accidents. I am now writing to clarify on the issue of legitimate public Assemblies (rallies, ebivulu-processions, music festivals etc.). The NRM, supported by the ordinary Ugandans organized in Resistance Councils (RCs), fought for and has, ever since, upheld 10 points.

These are:

  • Restoration of Democracy;
  • Restoration of Security of person and property;
  • Consolidation of national unity and elimination of all forms of sectarianism;
  • Defending and consolidating national independence;
  • Building an independent, integrated and self-sustaining national economy;
  • Restoration and improvement of social services and rehabilitation of war–ravaged areas;
  • Elimination of corruption and the misuse of power;
  • Redressing errors that have resulted in the dislocation of some sections of the population;
  • Co-operation with other African countries;
  • Following an economic strategy of a mixed economy.

Point No. 2 was “Security of person and property”.

At a great sacrifice to the freedom fighters (in terms of sweat and blood), we have, largely, achieved, after the more than 50 years of continuous and relentless struggle, security of person and property. Rural terrorism (the Rwenzururu, Kony, ADF, FOBA, UPA, Kirimuttu, Karimojong cattle rustling etc.) has been defeated. You can drive from one end of the country to the other end (North-South, East-West, etc.) on good tarmac roads and in total peace. Meanwhile, on account of immunization, the population of Uganda has jumped from 14 million in 1986 to 41 million today. This at a time when the economy of Uganda had totally collapsed.

In 1986, there was no sugar, soap, salt, clothes, etc. – the so called “essential commodities”. Owing to the skill of the NRM, the economy gained minimum recovery and is on a trajectory of fast growth (one of the fastest in the World), seen by all those whose eyes are not jaundiced by prejudice and ill-motives. This has meant that tax collection has gone up from Ushs. 5billion in 1987 to Ushs. 17,000 billion today. Nevertheless, all this tax money cannot be spent on security and Policing. Otherwise, we shall forget about the roads etc. This, we cannot correctly do. Hence, today we spend as follows:

                                   Ugx. bn

Works (roads)            -      4,786.6      

Energy (electricity)     -      2,438.2

Education                -      2,781.1

Health                   -      2,310.1

Defence                 -      1,967.0

Police                  -      616.3

Water                   -      1,265.8

By prioritizing the roads, electricity, Education, Health, we have had impact as can be seen. The road from Oraba in Koboko to Cyanika – Bunagana in Kisoro on the Congo – Rwanda border is 653 miles – all tarmac. That from Malaba – Busia to Mpondwe in Kasese and Lamia, Busunga in Bundibugyo is 368 miles respectively. All the districts of Uganda today have been reached by electricity – up to the district headquarters, at least.

What does all this mean in terms of policing? With a population of 41 million people, according to World Policing ratios, of one Policeman for every 500 persons, we should be having a Police force of 82,000 policemen. If we do this, where shall we get money to do roads etc.? There is evidence that there is quite a bit of tax evasion assisted by the corrupt elements in URA. That issue will be sorted out. However, until we resolve that issue, we shall have to plan within the Ushs. 17,000 billion that we are collecting today plus the external and internal borrowing that brings our budget to Ushs. 32,000 billion.

The Police force we have now is only 43,000, about half of what we need. It is this gap, plus some corruption within that Police force, that created a window for the spate of unresolved murders of the Sheikhs, Kagezi, Kawesi and Kiggundu. The kidnapers of Susanne Magara were identified, arrested and some were killed in the fight in the Mosque. The Kiddawalime group in Masaka that killed 5 people on New Year’s eve in the Masaka area, were all arrested or killed. Nevertheless, to cover the gaps, we decided to introduce technology – cameras, electronic identification of vehicles etc. This is being implemented. Where it has been implemented, there is no fooling around. Some months ago, those on social media were able to see a cell phone thief who was promptly identified, pursued and arrested. This is a fore-taste of things to come. Crime will be defeated as we defeated rural terrorism.

Coming back to Public assemblies, the original topic of this article. The NRM stand on this is to ensure security of person and property as commanded by point no. 2 of the NRM’s 10 points programme.

If you want to hold a public meeting (olu kungana) or a procession (ekivulu) for a legitimate reason, you should liaise with the Police, so that your public meeting or your procession does not endanger the lives of other Ugandans or the safety of their property. You agree with the Police on the route, if it involves a procession, or the venue if it is an event or a rally. The problem we have with some elements of the opposition is that they ignore this. They want to hold meetings or processions near markets or through crowded streets. This one we cannot allow. It is the core principle of the NRM never to allow the looting or damaging people’s property or endangering their lives. When you do, like some have attempted (the likes of Joseph Kony, Jamil Mukulu, the cattle rustlers in Karamoja etc.), we struggle against you and we shall defeat you. This, of course, is not to speak of the indisciplined Armies of the past regimes that we had to deal with. That is all regarding the issue of Public assemblies. During Easter, I watched on TV numerous processions by Christians in all parts of the country. I do not even know whether they liaised with the Police. I did not hear of any single problem on account of those numerous and big processions. Why? It was because they had no ill-motive (to damage property or attack people) and it was also in holidays with light traffic on the roads. To insist on a procession or an assembly in a market or crowded street is criminal abi initial. This we cannot allow and we have not allowed in the past. That is one of the reasons Uganda is growing at more than 6% per annum. Other parts of the World are growing at 2.3% (World Bank figures). The last looting of People’s property that we had was in 1979. Looting will never happen again, in the towns, under the NRM. With our present capacity, looting cannot happen again even in the rural areas. Looting of people’s property, under the NRM, only happened, on a large scale, in the insurgency areas before we defeated the terrorists.

All this, however, is on assumption that you are rallying, you are processioning for a legitimate reason – a justified reason. You cannot be rallying and processioning for an illegitimate reason – preaching lies, preaching sectarianism, preaching hate. Those who made mistakes to tolerate such bogusness, paid a heavy price. Did you see the massacre in New Zealand? How about the ones in Sri Lanka recently, in France, in Belgium, in Norway etc.? How about the mega problem that occurred in Rwanda? These tragedies in those areas started with pseudo – and bogus preachers.

At the beginning of our Administration, I had to handle the delicate issue of freedom of Worship on the one hand and bogus and dangerous preaching. We handled it correctly and firmly. On the one hand, I found difficulty in agreeing with some in the traditional faiths (the main stream Moslem, Catholics and Protestants) who argued that the new Churches were misleading people etc. I really could not be an arbiter in the issue of who was more-godly than the other. The acid test for me was simply that whatever you preach, do not break the laws of Uganda. These laws are constructed around the legitimate positions, justifiable positions, issue by issue.

The Churches were arguing about performing miracles, about what will happen when we are dead etc. These are matters in which we had no competence to adjudicate. However, there were clear earthly phenomena in which we were over-qualified in terms of competence to handle. When, therefore, Mzee Bishaka of Kibaale preached that people should not go to hospital for treatment and that he will cure them by miracle, I locked him up under one of the relevant laws. Indeed, one person had died on account of listening to that dangerous preaching on matters which were clearly earthly. Thereafter, we became very good friends and he went on with his religion which actually preaches unity because their slogan is: “enyahukana zihwaireho – sectarianism is dust binned – no longer there”.

Therefore, if you want to assemble publically or to procession, it must be for a legitimate reason. If it is to preach hate, to decampaign investments in Uganda etc., then we shall not allow you. Those who have ignored this logic have paid a heavy price.

Besides, it is really criminal to get actors who create unnecessary controversy when Uganda is making so much progress. Of course, there are also problems. However, the problems we have today are problems in progress. The problems we had in the past were problems in decline of the economy and country. Only the enemies or the uninformed can be unhappy with the progress of Uganda. What is legitimate is to say that Uganda can even do better. That is well intentioned criticism. To say that Uganda is collapsing and declining is dishonest or uninformed. I totally reject that dishonest audit and can prove it to the people.

However, I also disapprove of the method the Police used to break the glass of Bobi Wine’s car. They should have towed the vehicle to wherever they wanted him to be. I do not watch TV most of the time because of work.

Yoweri Kaguta Museveni Gen (Rtd.)
PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA

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