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    OPINION: “Banyarwanda” Must Not Be “Rwandese” To Be Trusted…



    “Dual citizenship creates the possibilities of having citizens of divided loyalties which might be harmful especially when there may be hostilities between the countries of which a person is a citizen. Dual citizens might not be easily trusted, especially in times of war or national crises…dual citizenship could easily compromise the sovereignty of the majority of the people who have only single citizenship.

    This minority could take over the political and economic control of the country, especially if they are rich investors with strong economic interest abroad…dual citizenship could compromise the security of the state especially in Africa where as a result of poverty, many people would be bribed to support a detrimental system or programme… people could apply for dual citizenship for wrong motives, such as spying or undermining the stability of the country. The case against dual citizenship won the day. There was an overwhelming majority of views against it” Reads pages 211-212; BENJAMIN ODOKI: THE SEARCH FOR A NATIONAL CONSENSUS: THE MAKING OF THE 1995 UGANDA CONSTITUTION.

    I revised that part on 2nd August 2021 when Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF) confirmed the illegality of arresting Dr. Lawrence Muganga, the Vice Chancellor of Victoria University in a violent manner. Citizen or not, everybody is protected from inhuman and degrading treatment by Articles 24 and 44(a) of Uganda Constitution. UPDF’s mandate under Article 209 does not include making arrests, that is the work of Police under Article 212.

    The bigger issue is the status of Dr. Muganga and people with a background in the Republic of Rwanda. In a press conference held the next day, Mr. Frank Gashumba, known as Chairman of people from Rwanda, stated that Dr. Muganga is a Ugandan born in Masaka and grew up in Mukono. That people of Rwandan origin came here in 1923 owing to the instability in Rwanda hence should be treated equally with other tribes and that they are named in the Constitution as citizens. On the other hand, UPDF insists that Dr. Muganga is a foreigner illegally working in Uganda and doing espionage.

    It’s time we become unambiguous on the legal position of “Banyarwanda” stated No. 24 in the third schedule to our Constitution as an indigenous community, though without any exact place of origin within Uganda, in the face of a sovereign state with “Rwandese” if we are not to fall into the trap stated by Odoki.

    Article 10(a) of the Constitution states “The following persons shall be citizens of Uganda by birth— every person born in Uganda one of whose parents or grandparents is or was a member of any of the indigenous communities existing and residing within the borders of Uganda as at the first day of February, 1926, and set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution” Question is, were Banyarwanda an indigenous community existing and residing within the borders of Uganda as at the first day of February, 1926? The 1923 information given by Mr. Gashumba, which made them 3 years’ Refugees by 1926, leads to a Negative answer hence they ought not to have been included in the schedule but since the politics of the day was in their favour, here we are.

    Moving forward, in our Constitutional review, we need to critically think about retaining Banyarwanda or Barundi as indigenous communities. Now, my friends with a Rwanda background have a duty to prove that they are Banyarwanda, as stated in Uganda Constitution and not Rwandese as per Rwanda’s Constitution, if we are to trust them in defending our sovereignty. Why would a person carry a National Identity Card for both Uganda and Rwanda and we trust him/her?

    I have no issues with background but with the loyalty to Uganda sovereign state. Many People with different backgrounds have led their countries to glory; Napoleon Bonaparte who made France great had Italian roots, Germany’s Adolf Hitler had roots in Austria, US’s Barrack Obama has roots in Kenya and UK’s Borris Johnson has roots in Turkey. What matters is the loyalty and commitment to a Country.

    Let this be taken in good faith.



    The Writer is Lawyer & a Civically Active Ugandan.



    Former Minister Mbayo Survives Arrest, Sneaks Into CID, Grilled Over Nepotism And Corruption…



    Minister Esther Mbayo

    Former Minister for Presidency Esther Mbayo has survived arrest after secretly presenting herself to Kibuli based police’s Criminal Investigation Department (CID) to answer charges related to corruption and nepotism.

    Last month, police threatened to arrest the Luuka district woman Member of Parliament for refusing to respect the criminal summons issued against her through the office of the Speaker of Parliament Jacob Oulanyah.

    Mbayo pleaded with the speaker for assistance claiming that the police detectives are being used by her political opponents to humiliate her and brand her a criminal.

    However, the speaker advised her to go to CID and record a statement since police have followed the necessary requirements to summon her as an MP.

    On Monday last week, Mbayo sneaked into CID together with her lawyers and she was grilled by detectives led by Julius Twinomujuni.

    Sources at the CID disclosed that Mbayo was grilled on allegations of influencing the Uganda Printing and Publishing Corporation(UPPC) board to approve her sister Christine Mayengo as the Finance and Accounting manager yet she lacked the required qualifications.

    It is alleged that Mbayo used her influence as the former minister to put pressure on the chairperson Finance, Investment and marketing committee Dr. Patrick Ibembe and Managing Director Tom Wasswa to omit the capable  candidates for the job as advertised in mainstream media in favor of her sister.

    It is further alleged that Dr. Ibembe disclosed that they did not have to engage any external consultant for the said recruitment.

    Sources revealed that Mbayo was told that her sister emerged second in the interview but she was declared the best candidate.

    Sources state that as a token of appreciation to these officials, Mbayo increased their retainer fees from Shs2,500,000 to Shs3,500,000 and Shs2,000,000 to Shs3000,000 to Board chairperson and other members respectively.

    Mbayo was also grilled on allegations that she benefited from the Shs9bn cash which was paid to UPPC by the Electoral Commission to gazette the elected political leaders and polling stations in the recently concluded 2021 general elections.

    Investigators allege that Mbayo directed UPPC management to share the Shs9bn and she was given her share which was used in her 2021 political campaigns in Luuka district.

    Sources revealed that the former minister denied all the allegations and she was released on a police bond.

    The current minister for presidency Milly Babalanda suspended the UPPC board and the management on allegations of corruption, abuse of office and embezzlement.

    Police discover Shs600m in the course of investigation and it alleges that this was part of the Shs9bn paid by the Electoral Commission.

    The police are still investigating the matter.


    By Sengooba Alirabaki


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    M7 Summons KCCA Ministers, ED Kisaka Over Invisible Hands Fueling City Market Wrangles…



    Minister Hajjat Minsa Kabanda (L) and Suzan Kushaba (R)

    President Yoweri Museveni has summoned Kampala Metropolitan Minister Hajjat Minsa Kabanda and Dr. Dorothy Kisaka, the Executive Director Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) over allegations that invisible hands are fueling city market wrangles.

    In a chat with the Grapevine, Kabanda confirmed the meeting adding that it is going to take place next week at State House Entebbe to resolve the ongoing leadership fights in Kampala markets especially St. Balikuddembe commonly known as Owino market, Nakasero market, Wandegeya market and Bugolobi market.

    “It’s true the president summoned us to guide on his directive given on the leadership of the city market and I am going with members on the technical wing. He wants to know why his directives are not being implemented and also guide us on how to implement them,” Kabanda said.

    Museveni’s decision to summon KCCA bosses comes after getting information that there are ongoing fights between KCCA and the interim market leadership who refused to vacate offices to allow the election of new leadership to run the market.

    Sources revealed that during the Monday cabinet meeting, minister Kabanda reported Suzan Kushaba, the interim Owino market boss to the President for refusing to leave office and insulting her and Kampala City Resident Commissioner (RCC) Hawa Namugenyi Ndege.

    Sources revealed that Kabanda decided to run to Museveni after meeting security bosses in Kampala City who warned her to go slow on Kushaba because she is working for some big government official.

    “Security cannot remove Kushaba from the office, the lady is protected by SFC and police fear her,” a source at the KCCA revealed.

    He further revealed that when RCC Ndege evicted Kushaba from office last week, she contacted her bosses who allegedly intensified her security and directed her to go back to her office.

    A new energized and fully armed Kushaba went back to office with swag and insisted that she will not leave office on orders of the Minister.

    She further claimed that she had information that the minister wants to sell the market and also return the bad leaders who were fired by the president for mistreating market vendors.

    Yesterday, Minister Kabanda held a meeting with security heads in Kampala to see how to handle Kushaba but it didn’t resolve anything.

    Another source disclosed that the minister is bitter with Kushaba for branding her a fraudster who is behind the selling of public land and city markets like park yard which she sold to controversial city tycoon Hamis Kiggundu.

    However, the minister insisted that her directive on city markets still stands and Kushaba should leave office for new leadership.


    By Sengooba Alirabaki


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    CRIME IS A CRIME: Stealing From An Employer, Whether Government Or Private, Will Send You To Jail – M7 Directs Arrest Of Top Ministers, Permanent Secretaries, Security Chiefs, RDCs Over Corruption….



    President Yoweri Museveni

    President Tibuhaburwa Museveni has directed the arrest of top ministers, permanent secretaries, security chiefs and Resident District Commissioners (RDC) over corruption and neglect of duty.

    In a letter dated 22nd August 2021 to the Minister of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries Frank Tumwebaze, copied to the Vice President, Prime Minister, Attorney General and other top ministers, the president gave three courses of action against the suspected corrupt government officials.

    The president was responding to Minister Tumwebaze’s letter dated 11th August 2021 where he accused top government officials of frustrating government service delivery in local government through corruption and lack of patriotism.

    Tumwebaze reported that these actions are putting NRM in bad light. However, in his response, the president insisted that the problem starts from the top, in the ministries and they should be cleaned.

    “The problem is not just in the districts. It starts with ministries in Kampala, the ministers, the permanent secretaries, who do not supervise and monitor programs of the government being implemented by the districts” the president stated.

    He told Tumwebaze that he has information on government officials who are selling vaccines and government properties but he is still collecting evidence against them so that they are arrested and prosecuted.

    In his letter, Museveni gave three courses of actions against the suspects and these include; arresting and prosecuting the suspected officials, sacking and arresting Chief Administrative Officers (CAO), dismissing or prosecuting RDCs, DISOs DPCs, GISOs under whose jurisdiction these crimes are being committed.

    Museveni further directed that even political leaders can be arrested and prosecuted if they collude or aid these crimes.

    “It is, therefore, not a structural problem but neglect of duty by the ministers and the permanent secretaries. Decentralization did not decentralize crime and impunity. Crime is a crime. Stealing from an employer, whether Government or private, will send you to jail for ten years,” Museveni stated.

    Museveni’s letter comes on the heels of a warning from Milly Babalanda, the Minister for Presidency who cautioned RDCs and security bosses in Busoga region to stop involving themselves in illegalities because the president has already directed for the prosecution of all public officials implicated in corruption and evicting tenants from their land.


    By Sengooba Alirabaki


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