The Ministry of health has revealed that pregnant women and children below 10 years will not be enrolled for the Dolutegravir drug, a new more efficient anti-HIV/AIDS.
The drug which is also known as DTG also suppresses the transmission of HIV/AIDS and it’s admission will be in a period of 18 months.
The decision follows advice from World Health Organization (WHO) after carrying out a survey in Botswana and the results indicated that the drug is dangerous to the pregnant women since it antagonizes child formation within the womb.
According to the Uganda population-based HIV Impact Assessment (UPHIA) 2017 research, out of 1.3 million people infected with HIV/AIDS, 1.14 are on treatment which is an alarming number according to Dr. Joshua Musinguzi from the ministry of health.
In the media dialogue held in Kampala, Musinguzi has assured Ugandans that by 2020, HIV/AIDS pandemic will be under control and by 2030 it will no longer be a public health threat especially due to the various intervention put in place to fight it as clearly shown by Statistics. Latest figures show that new cases of HIV/AIDS stood at 50,000 in 2017 from 130,000 in 2013.
Musinguzi further indicates that men make up the biggest number of deaths because they tend to shun away from treatment services as opposed to their female counterparts.
The ministry of health has put in place favorable intervention including outreach programs, over time and weekend clinics amongst others.
Other intervention put in place to fight the epidemic include scaling up the ABC program which stands for Abstinence, Be faithful and Condom use, additional interventions like safe male circumcision, elimination of mother to child transmission of HIV and PREP and septrin use have also been introduced.
DTG, WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
Dolutegravir (DTG), sold under the brand name Tivicay, is an antiretroviral medication used, together with other medication, to treat HIV/AIDS. It may also be used, as part of post exposure prophylaxis, to prevent HIV infection following potential exposure. It is taken by mouth.
Common side effects include trouble sleeping, feeling tired, diarrhea, high blood sugar, and headache. Severe side effects may include allergic reactions and liver problems. Dolutegravir is an HIV integrase strand transfer inhibitor which blocks the functioning of HIV integrase which is needed for viral replication.
By Mboowa Nathan
Intelligence Is Passed To Kids From Mothers, Not From Fathers – Scientists Find Out
Scientists have recently found that the intelligence comes from the female X chromosome, which has more than over 1,000 genes, many of which influence the perception level.
According to Higher Perspective, up until now, it was believed that both parents contribute to the intelligence of the child, and this is not completely untrue. Many studies have found that genetics is not a simple field of research. It is recommended that people approach these findings from an objective point of view.
A chromosome is a thread-like formation that has protein and nucleic acids, which transfer and store genetic information. Every single body cell has a pair of chromosomes, and while men carry 1 X and 1 Y chromosome, females carry 2 X chromosomes.
The genetic property of gender-specific genes are either deactivated or activated, depending on the specific selection and genetic characteristics. Moreover, while the deactivated genes do not influence the genetic development, the activated genes do so. Therefore, in case the mother impacts a characteristic, the paternal genes are deactivated, and vice versa.
Yet, as women have 2 X chromosomes, the chances are that they will affect the cognitive abilities of the child. Intelligence is considered to be a gender-specific gene that comes from the mothers, and researchers have found that genetically modified mice treated with maternal genetic chromosomes had an abnormally greater brain and skull, but a smaller body.
On the other hand, the ones treated with greater paternal genetic chromosome amounts had a larger body but developed a smaller brain and skull.
Additionally, researchers found 6 areas that contain exclusively either paternal or maternal genes. Another Scottish study showed that a mother’s IQ is the most potent indicator of intelligence.
However, it is a fact that the intellectual development of children is also affected by nutrition and nurturing, but mothers undoubtedly play a huge role in the intelligence of their child and the power of its brain.
Forbes concludes: “Intelligence is complicated. While maybe half of our intelligence as we currently define and measure it is inherited, that proportion is in turn fractured into many genetic variants scattered across our genomes.
These variants operate together in various ways to form what we view as intelligence. And each of those fragments of heredity that contributes is itself subject to a host of environmental factors, both in its immediate molecular world and inputs to the whole organism, that will influence function.
And that influence continues after birth as an ongoing mutual interplay of gene variants and environment. It’s layer upon layer upon layer of interacting pieces.”
Researchers Explain What Getting Pimples Says About Your Health
Your skin (including fingernails and hair) is a reflection of your health. According to a technique called ‘face mapping,’ various areas of the face reflect the health status of various internal organs.
“Face mapping is the ability to see the reflection of the body’s organs on each part of the face by observing the face’s complexion — such as luster, dullness, and color— as well as the tongue and face expression,” explains Chinese scholar and co-founder of the skincare line Baszicare Chapman Lee.
The practice of face mapping dates back several thousands of years, and is the product of (mainly) Chinese and Indian medical practitioners. The concept of face mapping has slightly evolved to include newer dermatological findings; though the central idea remains the same: where you’re breaking out is a reflection of what’s going on in your body.
HERE IS WHAT THE SIX AREAS OF YOUR FACE – AND THE PRESENCE OF ACNE REVEALS ABOUT YOUR HEALTH:
CHEEKS: According to face mappers, your cheek area is associated with lung function.
Medical conditions such as bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or some kind of respiratory failure, may present with acne around one or both cheeks. Heavy smokers are also more likely to develop skin problems around the cheek area. Taking care of allergies and avoiding smoking are two ways to clear up this area of the face.
CHIN AND MOUTH: The chin and mouth are related to the upper gastrointestinal tract. Skin problems in this area may be due to poor eating habits, e.g., overconsuming fast foods and processed foods. To keep breakouts from occurring in this area, consider eating a natural, fresh-foods-only diet. Also, make sure to get plenty of fiber, which helps ease digestion.
The chin area is associated with the kidneys – which contain the byproducts of metabolism – and the urinary tract (bladder, ureters, and urethra.) PMS symptoms often cause inflammation of the skin around the chin area, as well. Reducing your stress and toxins exposure is paramount to clearing up problems around these areas.
FOREHEAD – LOWER: Ancient schools of Chinese and Indian medicine taught that the lower forehead is connected to your mind and spirit. The surfacing of acne, pimples, and other blemishes may be due to prolonged bouts of anxiety and stress.
The area around your eyebrows is indicative of liver health. As such, acne here may indicate that you ingest too many harmful toxins (e.g., alcohol, fast food, nicotine.) Preventing acne requires elimination or moderation of toxin exposure and a fresh, low-fat diet.
FOREHEAD – UPPER: The area where your hairline begins and ends is the upper part of the forehead. Chinese and Indian medicine practitioners believe that this area is linked to the lower intestines, or lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Acne in this area may indicate problems with digestion.
Rectifying skin issues around the upper forehead requires the consumption of plenty of antioxidants (berries, green tea, lemon water, etc.). Also, make sure to eat foods that are rich in dietary fiber (artichokes, peas, beans, lentils).
NOSE: Skin areas around the nose can often be linked with the lungs and respiratory system. Also, oily skin and dehydration in this area may lead to blackheads and pimples.
Cardiovascular problems are also linked to skin health around this area. Try to limit your exposure to stress – and see if blemishes around your beak clear up (who knows, right?!)
Other ways to avoid breakouts around the nose is to eat a healthy, natural diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables. Make sure to wash your face using the appropriate type of wash for your skin type and sensitivity.
Additional Information from Positive Energy
FOR WOMEN: Semen May Actually Treat Depression In Women – New Research Says
A psychology professor and his team at the University of Albany, have found out that the absorption of semen by the female body correlates with fewer symptoms of depression according to higherperspectives.com.
The team conducted anonymous surveys of 300 female students. Each participant completed a survey about her intimate activities including frequency of intercourse, last intercourse, and how regularly the participant uses condoms. Participants also completed the Beck Depression Inventory. The Beck Depression Inventory, or BDI, presents a person with 21 questions that gauge their level of depressive symptoms including:
- Negative outlook
- Feelings of guilt
- Social withdrawal
- Difficulty functioning
Responders rate each question as it applies to them. The rating scale per question ranges from zero to three, three being the most intense experience of the symptom.
The total score can be as high as 63, higher scores again correlating to more severe depression. When the team compared participants’ BDI scores to their intimacy habits, answers about condom use stood out.
According to lead author Gordon Gallup, women who never used condoms in penetration scenarios showed significantly lower scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) than their peers who always or usually had their partners wear protection.
In developing this conclusion, the team made a point of adjusting for potentially relevant variables such as: relationship status use of other contraceptive strategies frequency of partner intimacy.
Among all variables, condom use correlated with the most clinically significant difference in participants’ BDI scores. The research team believes that the correlation between condom use and depressive symptoms may result from the interaction of biological material.
Gallup theorizes that upon penetration, the female partner’s internal tissues absorb some of the fluids that the male partner produces. It is possible, the team suggests, that a woman’s mood and feeling state may change in response to this absorption.
The study’s sample size is relatively small and there are a number of unanswered questions surrounding the results. Still, Gallup and his colleagues believe that the connection between improved mood non-use of condoms warrants further investigation.
The team cautions women and their partners not to take these findings as a motivation or an excuse not to use condoms. Gallup has issued a statement to remind the public that protection from infectious diseases and the prevention of pregnancy should take precedence over an attempt to make use of these findings.
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